Valencia - Mestalla

With its precipitous stands and implausibly deep roof, Valencia's Mestalla is a truly wonderful stadium . It is an arena that oozes class and atmosphere and when full, it can scare the bejesus out of the opposition and their travelling support. Alright, it dates from an era when supporter comfort meant that you were lucky if you weren't standing in an inch of urine when you visited the gents, but back then it was simple... going to a football match was just that, you watched the match.
You've come a long way baby - Zamora at Algirós & Valencia's Mestalla today
Several attempts were made in the early days of the twentieth century to form a senior club in Valencia, and whilst some trace the origins of the club back to 1902, the official date of formation for Valencia Club de Fútbol is 18 March 1919. The Mestalla is not the club's only home as for the first three and a half years Valencia played at a tight ground close to the Rio Turia. The Campo de Algirós saw Valencia's first match on on 7 December 1919 against Castellon Castalia, which ended goalless. The ground occupied a wedge of land next to the Cavalry Barracks, the Civil Guard headquarters and the Estacion de Aragon. It was was rented from Señor Eugenio Miguelo for 100 pesetas per month  and was also used by other Valencian clubs. Algirós was surrounded by a wall, meaning it was ideally suited to charge admission and had rudimentary bleachers, but the pitch was very narrow, being only 47 metres wide and as Valencia's following grew (by 1923 they had 2,500 members), the 5,000 capacity ground proved inadequate, so the club sought new premises.
Valencia made the move from Algirós (Yellow) to the Mestalla (Green) in 1923
In 1923, Valencia purchased a plot of land 150 metres to the north of Algirós, close to the Mestalla drain, for the sum of 316,000 pesetas. Club President and architect Francisco Almenar Quinzá designed the stadium which was built by club member and builder Ramón Ferrer Aguilar. The first phase consisted of an uncovered terrace of 10 rows around two sides of the pitch, which was larger than Algirós at 100m x 59m. The new stadium, with a capacity of 17,000 opened on 20 May 1923 with a match against Levante and staged its first international match 14 June 1925 when Spain beat Italy 1-0.
May 1923 and 17,000 hats and their owners attend the first match at the Mestalla
The improvements to the Mestalla continued and in 1926 work commenced on a new grandstand. This would cost 212,000 pesetas alone and featured a front terrace, 14 rows of seats and directors box. Dressing rooms and club offices were situated under the stand. The grandstand and additional work to the final end terrace increased the capacity to 25,000 and the new layout was inaugurated on 23 January 1927 with a match against Castellon. The dirt pitch was replaced with a grass pitch in the autumn of 1927. It was now one of the premier stadiums in Spain and because of its convenient location, equidistant between Madrid and Barcelona, it became a popular neutral venue for the final of the Cop del Rey. Meanwhile, Valencia played in the inaugural season of La Segunda, finishing fifth. A year later they came sixth before winning the title in season 1930-31. The Mestalla was already proving to be an intimidating arena, as Valencia lost just one fixture at home during these three seasons.
Before the war. The Mestalla in the early 1930's
Valencia debuted in La Primera at the start of the 1931-32 season and over the next five seasons the club struggled to avoid relegation, in fact if it were not for the impressive form at the Mestalla, they would certainly have dropped back into La Segunda. On 3 October 1936 the Spanish Football Federation suspended all competitions due to the deteriorating situation caused by the Civil War. The club was particularly badly affected, due to the close proximity of the military barracks and Valencia's docks. The ground was used as a camp for political prisoners and by the end of the war, stripped of all usable material, Mestalla was devastated. The club immediately set about rebuilding the stadium as practically all of the wooden terracing had gone and so had the roof of the grandstand. The club played its first post-war match at the Mestalla on 18 June 1939, which by they had a remodelled capacity of 22,000.
1939 and work starts on rebuilding the Mestalla
The 1940's saw the first golden era for the club when La Primera title was won in 1941-42, 43-44 & 47-48. There were also victories in La Copa in 1941 and again in 1949. On the basis of this success, club president Luis Casanova  Giner was keen to further expand the Mestalla. In 1950, the club spent 7 million pesetas on acquiring land that adjoined the stadium. Architect Salvador Pascual Gimeno was commissioned to design the new stadium and work started on building more substantial gradas to the north and south of the ground. In 1954, Gimeno started work on a replacement for the main stand and what a replacement it was! Holding 12,000 over two tiers, the striking feature was a cantilevered roof that was daringly high and deep for the 1950's. It resembles a pre-war stand with the supports knocked out. Flanking this archaic looking roof are two modern styled towers that used to house the stadium's media facilities. The new stand opened on 27 December 1955, but two years later was under water as Valencia was ravaged by floods when the Rio Turia burst its banks. Development continued until the end of the decade, with the east developed to include a slab-like anfiteatro, taking the capacity to over 50,000. Floodlights were added in March 1959 and first used for a fairs cup match against Stade de Reims.
The imposing Mestalla in the early 1960's
Things had been quiet on the field during the fifties with just one triumph in 1953-54 Copa del Rey. With the stadium complete and the club on a stable footing, the sixties didn't bring the domestic glory the club and fans had hoped for, as Real Madrid reigned supreme in Spain. The best chance was in a competition that  Los Merengues could not enter, the Inter Cities Fairs Cup. Valencia won the tournament in 1962 with a 7-3 aggregate win over FC Barcelona, winning the first leg in the Mestalla 6-2. A year later and Los Ches won the Fairs Cup again with a 4-1 aggregate victory over Dinamo Belgrade. The Copa del Rey was won in 1967 with a 2-1 victory over Athletic Bilbao at the Bernabeu. In 1969, the club voted to change the name of the Mestella to honour their inspirational President Luis Casanova Giner. So for the next twenty five years, the stadium became known as the Estadio Luis Casanova. Casanova was overwhelmed and admitted to not being entirely comfortable with the gesture. In 1994, in his eighty-fifth year, Casanova requested that the stadium revert to its original name. The seventies saw more silverware in the shape of their fourth La Primera title in 1970-71 and a fifth Copa del Rey in 1979 with a 2-0 victory over Real Madrid at the Vicente Calderon. In the following year, Valencia went on to win the European Cup-Winners Cup with victory over Arsenal.
It wasn't just the pitch that went down following the renovations for WC'82
The Estadio Luis Casanova (or Mestalla!) underwent its next phase of redevelopment in 1978, when in preparation for the 1982 World Cup, architects Salvador and Manuel Pascual came up with an ingenious idea to increase capacity. As the stadium could not expand outwards or upwards due to the close proximity of the neighbouring buildings, the pitch was excavated in order to build a new lower tier. The first few rows of all the existing stands were also removed and in its place, several metres lower, went 20 rows seats. Still in place today, the back 10 rows are covered by extensions to the existing stands. This mammoth operation bought its reward, as Spain played their first three matches in WC'82 in front of a packed Estadio Luis Casanova. With additional seating added to other areas of the stadium, the capacity remained at 50,000, but with 33,053 seats. This gave the fans something to admire, for on the pitch, Valencia was in a slump. This culminated with a drop  to La Segunda in 1986, the clubs first and to date only relegation. The 1986-87 season was a tortuous affair with 34 regular season and 10 post season matches, but Valencia came through and won the title from CD Logroñés with three points to spare.
Excavations complete. Estadio Luis Casanova in 1979
Valencia made an impressive return to la Primera with four top five finishes in five seasons from 1988-89. In the summer of 1992, the stadium staged ten matches during the Olympic football tournament, including all of the Spanish national teams' games up to their final success in Barcelona. Buoyed by their first appearance in the Champions League and taking advantage of land that had become available around the renamed Mestalla, President Paco Roig pressed on with plans to add another tier to the three open sides of the ground. Starting with the south grada in 1997 and finishing with the north grada in 2001, the stadium was turned into a 53, 900 all-seat arena at a relatively reasonable cost of 24 million euros. By this time, Valencia had competed in and lost the previous two Champions League finals, but success in La Primera followed in 2001-02. Two seasons later and Valencia were champions of Spain again and added the Uefa Cup to boot. With money arriving by the lorry-load, Valencia genuinely thought they could consistently challenge the established hierarchy of Spanish football, namely Real Madrid and Barcelona. They had the players, but they believed they needed a larger stadium. 
The Mestalla in 2006. Given a stay of execution thanks to a huge overdraft
In November 2006 the club unveiled plans to move from the Mestalla to a new stadium in the north west of the city on the Avenida Cortes Valencianas. The stadium would seat 75,000 and include commercial and retail outlets at a cost of 344 million euros. Work began on 1 August 2007, but Valencia was just about to have their worst domestic season for nearly 20 years and as a result would not qualify for the Champions League. No Champions League means no lorry-loads of euros and with the world financial crisis looming, the banks started to get twitchy. Things were not going well at the new stadium either. On 26 May 2008 four construction workers died when scaffolding collapsed on one of the ten main towers. A further failure to qualify for the Champions League in 2008-09 saw the clubs debt rise to over 500 million euros and when in the summer of 2009, they defaulted on several payments to the construction company, worked stopped on the new stadium. The site has lain empty ever since and whilst the club’s debt has been reduced, the project appears all but abandoned.
The Nou Mestalla. Half finished and abandoned
So where does this leave Valencia? Well despite having to sell their star players and bring in cut-price replacements, they still managed to reach the Champions League in the three seasons between 2009-12. The debt was reduced and in December 2011, the club appeared to have reached an agreement with their bank to reduce the debt by a further 100 million euros, and restart work on the new stadium. This deal fell through in September 2012, and to compound matters, the club failed to reach the Champions League football for the 2013-14 season. Valencia's debt now stands at €250m and with interest payments of €15m per annum, the Mestalla will remain at the centre of their world for the foreseeable future. This commitment to the old stadium was reaffirmed when the existing seating was replaced with a vibrant mix of orange, black & white seats at the start of the 2013-14 season.
Orange Crush - A new look for the old school Mestalla